TitleIn search of pathobiological endotypes: a systems approach to early rheumatoid arthritis
INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic autoimmune disease. Early referral and treatment are key to the effective management of the disease. This makes imperative the identification of biomarkers and of pathobiological endotypes.
AREAS COVERED This review describes recent efforts to integrate large-scale datasets for the identification of disease endotypes for precision medicine in early, seropositive RA. We conducted a search for systems and multi-omics papers in early RA patients through to 1 January 2020. We reviewed investigations of multiple technologies such as transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic platforms as well as extensive clinical datasets. We outline progress made and describe some of the advantages and limitations of current computational and statistical methods.
EXPERT OPINION The search for pathobiological endotypes in early RA is rapidly developing. While currently, studies tend to be small, reliant upon new technologies and unproven analytical tools, as the technology becomes cheaper and more reliable, and the properties of analytical tools for the integration of cross-platform biology become better understood, it seems likely that better biomarkers of disease, remission and response to individual therapies will emerge.