TitleSafety and Efficacy of Evacetrapib in Patients with Inadequately-controlled Hypercholesterolemia and High Cardiovascular Risk; A meta-analysis of Randomized Placebo-controlled Trials
BACKGROUND Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is causally related to cardiovascular disease. Inhibition of cholesteryl ester transfer protein with Evacetrapib may provide an additional treatment option for patients who do not reach their LDL-C goal with statins or patients who cannot tolerate statins. We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Evacetrapib in patients with inadequately-controlled hypercholesterolemia and high cardiovascular risk.
METHOD A computer literature search for PubMed, Scopus, and Science Direct was carried out from inception to 2019 and was updated from January 2019 till March 2021. We included only RCTs. Data were pooled as a mean difference in a random-effect model using the Mantel-Haenzel (M-H) method. We used Open Meta [Analyst] software (by the center of evidence-based medicine, Oxford University, UK).
RESULTS Five studies (n = 12,937 patients) reported in five articles were included in this meta-analysis. The overall pooled estimate showed that LDL-C was significantly lower in the evacetrapib group than the placebo group (MD -34.07 mg/dL, 95% CI [-40.66, -27.49], p<0.0001). The pooled estimate showed that Apo-B was significantly lower in the evacetrapib130 mg group than the placebo group (MD -22.64 mg/dL, 95% CI [-30.70, -14.58], p<0.0001). HDL-C was significantly higher in the evacetrapib group over the placebo group (MD 93.31 mg/dL, 95% CI [56.07, 130.56], p<0.0001).
CONCLUSION Current evidence from five RCTs (12,539 participants) suggests that evacetrapib has favorable outcomes in patients with inadequately-controlled Hypercholesterolemia and high cardiovascular risks. Evacetrapib could significantly increase the HDL and Apo-A1 levels and lower the LDL cholesterol and Apo-B levels with an acceptable safety profile.