TitleComorbidity clusters in generalized osteoarthritis among female patients: A cross-sectional study
OBJECTIVES To investigate the prevalence of comorbidities among female patients with generalized osteoarthritis (GOA) in comparison to an age- and sex matched control group. To identify clusters of comorbidities in both groups.
METHODS An observational, cross-sectional study was conducted. Consecutive female patients with hand and knee osteoarthritis according to the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria were invited to participate in the study. A control group of participants without musculoskeletal symptoms, history or evidence of osteoarthritis or inflammatory rheumatic disease were also included. Cardiovascular, obstructive pulmonary, gastrointestinal, endocrine, neurological, malignant diseases and depression were recorded in both groups. In both study groups comorbidity cluster and factor analysis was performed.
RESULTS The study population included 200 GOA and 200 control participants. The following comorbidities were observed adjusted to Bonferroni correction with a significantly higher prevalence among individuals with GOA: hypertension, uterine leiomyoma, gastroesophageal reflux disease, diverticulosis, upper gastrointestinal tract ulcers, depression, diseases with vertigo (benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and vertebrobasilar insufficiency) and surgery due to otoclerosis. In the GOA group 5 clusters were identified with different comorbidity patterns.
CONCLUSION We report a high comorbidity rate in GOA. Cluster analysis allowed us to identify different comorbidity subsets for vascular, gastrointestinal and malignant gynaecological disorders. Further research is required to understand the links between GOA and non-musculoskeletal comorbidities.